South Africa - Migration Household Survey 2009: Methodological Aspects and Main Findings
The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) carried out the Migration and Remittances Survey in South Africa for the World Bank in collaboration with the African Development Bank. The primary mandate of the HSRC in this project was to come up with a migration database that includes both immigrants and emigrants. The specific activities included:
· A household survey with a view of producing a detailed demographic/economic database of immigrants, emigrants and non migrants
· The collation and preparation of a data set based on the survey
· The production of basic primary statistics for the analysis of migration and remittance behaviour in South Africa.
Like many other African countries, South Africa lacks reliable census or other data on migrants (immigrants and emigrants), and on flows of resources that accompanies movement of people. This is so because a large proportion of African immigrants are in the country undocumented. A special effort was therefore made to design a household survey that would cover sufficient numbers and proportions of immigrants, and still conform to the principles of probability sampling. The approach that was followed gives a representative picture of migration in 2 provinces, Limpopo and Gauteng, which should be reflective of migration behaviour and its impacts in South Africa.